PUNJAB

The state is the location of one of the world's first and oldest civilizations - the Indus Valley Civilization. It is the land of the great saints and scholars not only boasts of ancient monuments of glory and sacrifice but throbs with historical embodiments. Above all, the warmth and hospitality of the people are the main attractions in this region. Punjab is also called "The Granary of India" or "The Bread Basket of India". The world’s largest Gurudwara – The Golden Temple which is the most revered temple for the Sikhs is in here. Along with the celebrated Punjabi culture, the royal Punjabi palaces, historic battles, shrines, temples are examples of Sikh Architecture. Punjab is also the land of bhangra dance, folklores, Lassi, Ghee and Tandoori cuisines. Punjab is widely known for its mouth-watering delicacies as well, which bear the signature of the land.

 

 

General Information

·         Capital: Chandigarh is capital city of Punjab.

·         Airport: Amritsar, Pathankot and Chandigarh are having airport for state. Amritsar is having an International airport.

·         Rail: Amritsar, Chandigarh, Ferozpur, Jalandhar, Ludhiana, Pataila, Pathankot, are some of main rail head of state.

·         Shop: Punjabi Jutties (Footware) are  famous for their grand display of patterns and designs and have  beautiful embroidery on them. Punjab Phulkari is a form of craft in which artistic embroidery embellishes a shawl, sari, dupatta (head scarf) or the entire dress. Punjabi Parandis are the attractive hangings that are worn in the hair. Hand-woven Shawls and Durries (floor covering) are also crafts of Punjab. Punjab is also known for its sports goods. Punjabi cusine is famous all over world and not to be missed.

 

 

Places of Tourism 

 

Amritsar

Patiala

Chandigarh 







 

 

Amritsar: Amritsar is one of the most sacred sikh religious sites in India. Amritsar is one of the most ancient and fascinating cities of India. Amritsari Fish, Kulchaa (kind of roti) and sweets must be tried.

  • Golden Temple: Is the holiest shrine of the Sikh religion. Harmandir Sahib, situated inside the Golden Temple complex enshrines the Holy Book of the Sikhs, the Guru Granth Sahib. Among the buildings near the Golden Temple, the Akal Takht or the Immortal Throne and the tower of Baba Atal are of special interest to a visitor

  • Jallaianwala Bagh: This place where the most notorious massacre under the British rule took place. Today this ground has been changed to a memorial park.

  • Rambagh Gardens: The palace houses a museum and the exhibits include weapons dating back to Mughal times and certain portraits of the ruling houses of Punjab.

  • Central Museum: The Sikh Central Museum exhibits paintings depecting the lives of Sikhs and their Martys.

  • Tower of Baba Atal Rai: The first floor of this tower is elaborately adorned with miniature works depicting Guru Nanak's life.

  • Gobindgarh Fort: The fort was constructed by Maharaja Ranji Singh in the early 18th century.

  • Durgiana Mandir

  • Ram Tirth: Rishi Valmiki's hermitage, dates back to the period of Ramayana. The place has an ancient tank and many temples.

Excursions:

  • Tarn Taran (25km): Tarn Taran houses a sacred tank which is believed to have healing powers. It has a Gurudwara as well which was built by Guru Arjan Dev in AD 1768.

  • Gobindwal Sahib (30km): Its the final resting place of Guru Angad Devji

  • Attari Wagah Border (28km): Known as the 'Berlin wall of Asia', is the ceremonial Indian-Pakistan Border. Each evening a retreat ceremony takes place with the BSF (Border Security Forces) on the Indian Side of the Border. The flags of both the nations are lowered and a thrilling parade is performed by the soldiers of both nations.

  • Amanat Khan Serai (38km): Its famous for its ornamental gateway and glazed tile decorations.

  • Baba Bakala (45km): The magnificent Gurudwara here is dedicated to the ninth Guru of the Sikhs, Guru Tegh Bahadur.

  • Harike Pattan Sanctuary (60km): is the second largest bird sanctuary of India. Its home to rare varieties of avifauna arriving from different parts of Europe and northern Asia and endangered Testudine Turtle and Smooth Indian Otter.

  • Jalandhar (90km): The city is a market for agricultural products and produces textiles, leather goods, wood products and sporting goods. Attractions are Devi Talab Mandir, Gurudwara Chhevin Padshahi and Shaheed-E-Azam Sardar Bhagat Singh Museum

  • Pathankot (119km): It’s a meeting point for J&K, Himachal Pradesh and Punjab. One can see Ranjit sagar Dam, Nupur Fort, Modhapur. Its one of main entry point for visiting Himachal Pradesh. Its main rail junction for north India and having an airport too.

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Patiala: Patiala is a city of palaces and museums. The city is a trade centre for grain, cotton handicrafts, hardware, electric goods, textiles, shoes etc. are produced

  • Quila Mubarak:  The fort now houses an impressive armoury and some beautiful chandeliers.

  • The Sheesh Mahal: It was built by Maharaja Narinder Singh in a forest with terraces, gardens, fountains and an artificial lake. The palace has galleries displaying antique paintings, bronzes, sculptures and portraits of the Maharajas of Patiala, collection of medals, decorations etc.

  • Moti Bagh Palace: The magnificent palace in Indo-Saracenic style was and is one of the largest residences in Asia. It is surrounded by beautiful terraced gardens and water channels. The main palace now houses the National Institute of Sports and Sports Museum.

  • Baradari Gardens: The graceful garden was laid-out in the late 19th century, by prince Rajinder Singh. It also has a rock garden and a fern house

  • Bhadurgarh Fort: It was originally founded in 1658, by Nawab Saif Khan. The present structure was built by Maharaja Karam Singh of

  • Kali Devi Temple: Its has beautiful wall paintings and icons

Excursions:

  • Pinjore gardens (40km): The garden houses a mini zoo, historic places, Japanese garden, nursery and a number of picnic spots.

  • Sangrur (48km): A small town one can visit Marble 'Baradari. The museum displays weapons and other articles used in princely times. Famous for handicrafts like badges, insignia, beautiful hand embroidered Indian shoes.

  • Chandigardh (70km): A beautiful city with major attractions like Sukhna Lake, Rock Garden, Leisure Valley, Rose Garden, Botanical Garden, Government Museum and Art Gallery, Museum of Evolution of Life etc

  • Roop Nagar or Ropar (70km): Its an archaeologist's delight revealing ruins of an old Harappan city and an old fort

  • Kasauli in Himachal Pradesh (135km): The town is the home of the Kasauli Brewery, which is the highest brewery and distillery in the world. It’s a beautiful scenic small hill station.

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Chandigarh: Located at the foothills of the rolling Shivalik hills, Chandigarh has the distinction of being one of the most beautiful and first well planned city in India. Its capital city to Punjab as well as Haryana. Punchkula is twin city to Chandigarh

  • Rock garden: This vast open air museum that showcase a massive array of natural rock forms and stones. The garden was created sector by sector with rocks and discarded objects like bottle tops, fluorescent lights, mud guard, tin cans, broken glass, building waste etc
  • Sukhna Lake: It’s an artificial, manmade lake spread over 3 square kilometres beautifully located with mountains and reserve forest land in its background. It is a sanctuary for many exotic migratory birds

  • International Dolls Museum:  Contains puppets and more than 300 dolls from nearly every country in the world.

  • Art Gallery: Its one of the most distinctive of its kind with different sections containing a modest collection of Indian stone sculptures dating back to the Gandhara period, together with some miniatures paintings and modern art

  • City Museum: It narrates the growth of Chandigarh city. The museum displays some rare plans, sketches and relevant photographs prepared by the Master Planner of the City

  • Natural History Museum: It comprises various sections like Evolution of Man, Dinosaurs section, Cyclorama of Evolution of Life, Nature in Art etc.

  • National gallery Of Portraits: It has Portraits of Indian freedom fighters, rare documents, sculptures, ceramic murals and recordings of the voices of 125 prominent figures of India's Independence movement

  • Botanical Gardens: A picturesque botanical garden, located between the Rock Garden and Sukhna Lake. The main attraction of this garden is its rock formations, small lily-pools and rare species of plants

  • Dr. Zakir Rose Garden:  It claimed to be the Asia's largest Rose garden

  • Cactus Garden: It's in Panchukula, Haryana. It’s considered as Asia's largest garden of its kind with over 3500 species

  • Mansa Devi Temple: It’s in Panchukula, Haryana. According to Hindu scriptures, the temple is one of the 52 'Satipiths' and it is believed that the head of Devi Sati had fallen at this place

  • Chattbir Zoo: It is the largest zoo in north India. Spreading over an extensive wooded area on the banks of the Ghaggar river. The zoo is residence to more than 100 varieties of mammals, birds and reptiles.

  • Fun City: Is the biggest amusement park and water park in the entire northern part of the country

  • Excursions:

  • Morni Hills (23km): It is a beautiful hill resort. It is an ideal place for trekking, rock-climbing and adventure sports.

  • Pinjore Gardens (30km): Covering an area of 100 acres on a slope with fountains and pavilions The garden contains a mini zoo, nursery, a Japanese garden, historic palaces and picnic lawns. 

  • Solan in Himachal Pradesh (68km): It is a small but beautiful town with scenic beauty of hills and landscape.

  • Patiala in Punjab (70km):  Patiala is a city of palaces and museums. Attractions are Sheesh Mahal, Moti Bagh Palace, Bhadurgarh Fort and Baradri Gardens

  • Kasauli in Himachal Pradesh (77km): It is a very tranquil hill station encircled by forests of chir-pine, Himalayan oak and huge horse chestnuts. It is a paradise for nature-lovers.

  • Anandpur Sahib in Punjab (80km): Is one of the four Takhats of the Sikhs. It’s one of the holiest places of the Sikhs. It was here that Guru Gobind Singh baptized the first five Sikhs, called the Panch Pyaras, who created the nucleus of the Khalsa

  • Ludhiana in Punjab (104km): Ludhiana is an industrialized city. Attractions are Lodhi fort, Tiger Safari, Phillaur Fort etc

  • Bhakra Nangal Dam in Punjab (116km): Bhakra Nangal dam is the world's highest straight gravity dam, constructed across the River Sutlej.

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